National Fee Surveys
50-State Fee Surveys
image/svg+xml
States
Click on a state to see which common fees types are authorized in statute
Wyoming
Parole Fees
Supervision & Programming Fees Authorized
Probation Fees
Supervision & Programming Fees Authorized
Electronic Monitoring Fees
Authorized
Warrant Fees
None identified in statute
Counsel Fees
Authorized
Wisconsin
Parole Fees
Supervision & Programming Fees Authorized
Probation Fees
Supervision & Programming Fees Authorized
Electronic Monitoring Fees
Authorized
Warrant Fees
Authorized
Counsel Fees
Authorized
West Virginia
Parole Fees
Supervision Fees Authorized
Probation Fees
Supervision & Programming Fees Authorized
Electronic Monitoring Fees
Authorized
Warrant Fees
None identified in statute
Counsel Fees
Authorized
Washington
Parole Fees
Supervision & Programming Fees Authorized
Probation Fees
Supervision & Programming Fees Authorized
Electronic Monitoring Fees
Authorized
Warrant Fees
Authorized
Counsel Fees
Authorized
Did you know? Statute allows up to $100 per month for misdemeanor probation supervision – one of the highest in the country.
Virginia
Parole Fees
Supervision & Programming Fees Authorized
Probation Fees
Supervision & Programming Fees Authorized
Electronic Monitoring Fees
Authorized
Warrant Fees
None identified in statute
Counsel Fees
Authorized
Vermont
Parole Fees
Supervision & Programming Fees Authorized
Probation Fees
Supervision & Programming Fees Authorized
Electronic Monitoring Fees
None identified in statute
Warrant Fees
None identified in statute
Counsel Fees
Authorized
Utah
Parole Fees
Supervision fees authorized; Programming fees unclear
Probation Fees
Supervision & Programming Fees Authorized
Electronic Monitoring Fees
Authorized
Warrant Fees
None identified in statute
Counsel Fees
Authorized
Did you know? In Utah, in at least one county, it’s $170 just to start EM, plus an extra $70 per week while on electronic monitoring superivsion.
Texas
Parole Fees
Supervision & Programming Fees Authorized
Probation Fees
Supervision & Programming Fees Authorized
Electronic Monitoring Fees
Authorized
Warrant Fees
Authorized
Counsel Fees
Authorized
Tennessee
Parole Fees
Supervision & Programming Fees Authorized
Probation Fees
Supervision & Programming Fees Authorized
Electronic Monitoring Fees
Authorized
Warrant Fees
Authorized
Counsel Fees
Authorized
South Dakota
Parole Fees
Supervision & Programming Fees Authorized
Probation Fees
Supervision & Programming Fees Authorized
Electronic Monitoring Fees
Authorized
Warrant Fees
None identified in statute
Counsel Fees
Authorized
South Carolina
Parole Fees
Supervision & Programming Fees Authorized
Probation Fees
Supervision & Programming Fees Authorized
Electronic Monitoring Fees
Authorized
Warrant Fees
None identified in statute
Counsel Fees
Authorized
Did you know? In South Carolina, statute allows for a probation supervision fee of up to $100 per month, one of the highest in the country.
Rhode Island
Parole Fees
Supervision & Programming Fees Authorized
Probation Fees
Supervision & Programming Fees Authorized
Electronic Monitoring Fees
Authorized
Warrant Fees
Authorized
Counsel Fees
No counsel fees authorized
Did you know? In Rhode Island, the warrant fee of $125 is tied with Arizona as the highest in the country.
Pennsylvania
Parole Fees
Supervision & Programming Fees Authorized
Probation Fees
Supervision & Programming Fees Authorized
Electronic Monitoring Fees
Authorized (in certain counties)
Warrant Fees
None identified in statute
Counsel Fees
No Fees Authorized
Oregon
Parole Fees
None identified in statute
Probation Fees
None identified in statute
Electronic Monitoring Fees
None identified in statute
Warrant Fees
None identified in statute
Counsel Fees
Authorized
Did you know? While Oregon has eliminated may fees, it still charges for court-appointed lawyers, up to the full cost of the lawyer.
Oklahoma
Parole Fees
Supervision Fees Authorized
Probation Fees
Supervision Fees Authorized
Electronic Monitoring Fees
Authorized
Warrant Fees
Authorized
Counsel Fees
Authorized
Ohio
Parole Fees
Supervision & Programming Fees Authorized
Probation Fees
Supervision & Programming Fees Authorized
Electronic Monitoring Fees
Authorized
Warrant Fees
None identified in statute
Counsel Fees
Authorized
North Dakota
Parole Fees
Supervision & Programming Fees Authorized
Probation Fees
Supervision & Programming Fees Authorized
Electronic Monitoring Fees
Authorized
Warrant Fees
None identified in statute
Counsel Fees
Authorized
Did you know? In North Carolina, the state charges a fee to anyone who is required to participate in community service program as part of their probation.
North Carolina
Parole Fees
Supervision & Programming Fees Authorized
Probation Fees
Supervision & Programming Fees Authorized
Electronic Monitoring Fees
Authorized
Warrant Fees
Authorized
Counsel Fees
Authorized
Did you know? According to the Wilson Center for Science and Justice at Duke Law, 1 in 12 adults in North Carolina have unpaid court debt. Learn more here.
New York
Parole Fees
Supervision Fee Authorized
Probation Fees
Supervision Fee Authorized
Electronic Monitoring Fees
None identified in statute
Warrant Fees
None identified in statute
Counsel Fees
No counsel fee authorized
Did you know? *New York’s courts have held that even when EM costs are not explicitly authorized by the statute, it is “understood as implicitly necessary to satisfy the condition itself.” People v. Hakes, 32 N.Y.3d 624, 630
New Mexico
Parole Fees
Supervision Fees Authorized
Probation Fees
Supervision & Programming Fees Authorized
Electronic Monitoring Fees
None identified in statute
Warrant Fees
Authorized
Counsel Fees
Authorized
Did you know? In New Mexico, statute allows for up to $150 per month in probation supervision fees, on of the highest in the country.
New Jersey
Parole Fees
State statutorily required to pay for parole system
Probation Fees
Supervision & Programming Fees Authorized
Electronic Monitoring Fees
Authorized
Warrant Fees
Authorized
Counsel Fees
Authorized
Did you know? In 2021, New Jersey passed two bills eliminating almost all remaining juvenile fees and financial penalties, and canceled all outstanding debt related to these fees. Read more about juvenile justice fees here.
New Hampshire
Parole Fees
Supervision & Programming Fees Authorized
Probation Fees
Supervision & Programming Fees Authorized
Eletronic Monitoring Fees
None identified in statute
Warrant Fees
Authorized
Counsel Fees
Authorized
Nevada
Parole Fees
Supervision & Programming Fees Authorized
Probation Fees
Supervision & Programming Fees Authorized
Electronic Monitoring Fees
Authorized
Warrant Fees
Authorized
Counsel Fees
Authorized
Did you know? In 2021, Nevada passed two key fee reform laws which ended license suspensions, bench warrants, and arrests for hundreds of thousands of Nevadans struggling with debt from fines and fees.
Nebraska
Parole Fees
Supervision Fees Authorized
Probation Fees
Supervision & Programming Fees Authorized
Electronic Monitoring Fees
Authorized
Warrant Fees
None identified in statute
Counsel Fees
No counsel fee authorized
Montana
Parole Fees
Supervision & Programming Fees Authorized
Probation Fees
Supervision & Programming Fees Authorized
Electronic Monitoring Fees
Authorized
Warrant Fees
None identified in statute
Counsel Fees
Authorized
Did you know? In 2021, a federal class action lawsuit filed in Missoula District Court accused Ravalli County of running a “wealth-based discrimination scheme” by requiring people arrested to pay exorbitant pretrial fees to get out or stay out of jail, without considering their ability to pay.
Missouri
Parole Fees
Supervision & Programming Fees Authorized
Probation Fees
Supervision & Programming Fees Authorized
Electronic Monitoring Fees
Authorized
Warrant Fees
None identified in statute
Counsel Fees
Authorized
Did you know? In 2022, a St. Louis judge signed a settlement to refund those people who were illegally charged $75 “warrant fees”. Read more about the case here.
Mississippi
Parole Fees
Supervision & Programming Fees Authorized
Probation Fees
Supervision & Programming Fees Authorized
Electronic Monitoring Fees
Authorized
Warrant Fees
Authorized
Counsel Fees
No Fee Authorized
Did you know? In Misssissippi, parole supervision is $55 per month for up to 10 years.
Minnesota
Parole Fees
Supervision & Programming Fees Authorized
Probation Fees
Supervision & Programming Fees Authorized
Electronic Monitoring Fees
Authorized
Warrant Fees
Authorized
Cousel Fees
Authorized
Did you know? In Minnesota, every country charges a different amount for electronic monitoring fees.
Massachusetts
Parole Fees
Supervision & Programming Fees Authorized
Probation Fees
Supervision Fees Repealed, Some Programming Fees Authorized
Electronic Monitoring Fees
Authorized
Warrant Fees
Authorized
Counsel Fees
Authorized
Did you know? As of July 2022, all authority to charge probation supervision fees in the state had been repealed. (See Trial Court Adminstrative Order 22-3)
Maryland/D.C.
Parole Fees (Maryland)
Supervision & Programming Fees Authorized
Probation Fees (Maryland)
Supervision & Programming Fees Authorized
Electronic Monitoring Fees (Maryland)
Authorized
Warrant Fees (Maryland)
None identified in statute
Counsel Fees (Maryland)
Authorized
Electronic Monitoring (D.C.)
Authorized
Warrant Fees (D.C.)
None identified in statute
Counsel Fees (D.C.)
Authorized
Did you know? In 2021, Baltimore County eliminated the fees charged to individuals in the Department of Corrections’ Pretrial Community Supervision program.
Maine
Parole Fees
None identified in statute
Probation Fees
Supervision & Programming Fees Authorized
Electronic Monitoring Fees
Authorized
Warrant Fees
Authorized
Counsel Fees
Authorized
Louisiana
Parole Fees
Supervision & Programming Fees Authorized
Probation Fees
Supervision & Programming Fees Authorized
Electronic Monitoring Fees
Authorized
Warrant Fees
Authorized
Counsel Fees
Authorized
Did you know? In Louisiana, individuals must pay the costs of counseling or therapy that are required as part of probation.
Kentucky
Parole Fees
Supervision & Programming Fees Authorized
Probation Fees
Supervision & Programming Fees Authorized
Electronic Monitoring Fees
Authorized
Warrant Fees
Authorized
Counsel Fees
Authorized
Did you know? In Kentucky, statute caps probation supervision fees at $2,500 per year (or $208 per month) the highest in the country.
Kansas
Parole Fees
Supervision & Programming Fees Authorized
Probation Fees
Supervision & Programming Fees Authorized
Electronic Monitoring Fees
Authorized
Warrant Fees
None identified in statute
Counsel Fees
Authorized
Did you know? In Kansas, it costs $100 just to apply for a court-appointed attorney.
Iowa
Parole Fees
Supervision Fee Authorized
Probation Fees
Supervision & Programming Fees Authorized
Electronic Monitoring Fees
Authorized
Warrant Fees
Authorized
Counsel Fees
Authorized
Did you know? Iowa allows the state to recoup the “total cost” of legal services from a person who is represented by a court-appointed attorney.
Indiana
Parole Fees
Programming Fee Authorized
Probation Fees
Supervision & Programming Fee Authorized
Electronic Monitoring Fees
Authorized
Warrant Fees
Authorized
Counsel Fees
Authorized
Did you know? Beyond montly fees for probation supervision, individuals must pay an additional probation adminstration fee of $50-$100.
Illinois
Parole Fees
None identified in statute
Probation Fees
Supervision & Programming Fees Authorized
Electronic Monitoring Fees
Authorized
Warrant Fees
Authorized
Counsel Fees
Authorized
Did you know? In Illinois, at least one county charges $40 per day as an EM fee (as much as $1200 per month).
Idaho
Parole Fees
Supervision & Programming Fees Authorized
Probation Fees
Supervision & Programming Fees Authorized
Electronic Monitoring Fees
Authorized
Warrant Fees
Authorized
Counsel Fees
Authorized
Did you know? In Idaho, people may have to repay up to the full cost of their court-appointed attorney.
Hawaii
Parole Fees
Programming Fee Authorized
Probation Fees
Supervision Fee Authorized
Electronic Monitoring Fees
Not Authorized
Warrant Fees
Authorized
Counsel Fees
No Fees Authorized
Did you know? Hawaii lacks explicit statutory authority to impose electronic monitoring fees at any stage. This, however, does not mean that some other authorization may not exist.
Georgia
Parole Fees
Programming Fees Authorized
Probation Fees
Supervision & Programming Fees Authorized
Electronic Monitoring Fees
Authorized
Warrant Fees
Authorized
Counsel Fees
Authorized
Did you know? The Georgia Policy Institute found that in 2018, 40% of people on probation in Georgia were there because of misdemeanors or traffic fines.
Florida
Parole Fees
Supervision & Programming Fees Authorized
Probation Fees
Supervision & Programming Fees Authorized
Electronic Monitoring Fees
Authorized
Warrant Fees
Authorized
Counsel Fees
Authorized
Did you know? In both electronic monitoring fees and probation fees, the statutes simply authorize the “actual cost,” without defining what can be included in determing that figure.
Delaware
Parole
Programming Fees Authorized
Probation
Supervision & Programming Fees Authorized
Electronic Monitoring fees
Authorized
Warrant Fees
Authorized
Counsel Fees
Authorized
Did you know? Delaware is the only state to prohibit warrant fees if the warrant is based on nonpayment of a fine or fee.
Connecticut
Parole Fees
Programming Fees Authorized
Probation Fees
Supervision & Programming Fees Authorized
Electronic Monitoring Fees
Authorized
Warrant Fees
None identified in statute
Counsel Fees
Authorized
Colorado
Parole Fees
Supervision & Programming Fees Authorized
Probation Fees
Supervision Fees Authorized
Electronic Monitoring Fees
Authorized
Warrant Fees
Authorized
Counsel Fees
Authorized
California
Parole Fees
Programming Fees Authorized
Probation Fees
Programming Fees Authorized
Electronic Monitoring Fees
Expressly Prohibited
Warrant Fees
None identified in statute
Counsel Fees
Authorized
Did you know? While California has succeeded in eliminating many specialized fees, the state still adds penalty fees onto every fine imposed in the criminal courts that offen exceed the cost of the initial fines.
Arkansas
Parole
Supervision Fee Authorized
Probation
Supervision & Programming Fees Authorized
Electronic Monitoring Fees
Authorized
Warrant
Authorized
Counsel
Authorized
Did you know? In Arkansas, one can pay up to a $400 fee in advance for access to a court-appointed attorney.
Arizona
Parole Fees
Supervision & Programming Fees Authorized
Probation Fees
Supervision & Programming Fees Authorized
Electronic Monitoring Fees
Authorized
Warrant Fees
Authorized
Counsel Fees
Authorized
Did you know? Arizona’s warrant fee of $125 is tied with Rhode Island as the highest in the country.
Alaska
Parole Fees
Programming fee authorized
Probation Fees
None indentified in statute
Electronic Monitoring Fees
Authorized
Warrant Fees
None indentified in statute
Counsel Fees
Authorized
Did you know? If you can’t afford to hire a lawyer, the cost of a court-appointed lawyer is between $200 and $5000, depending on the charge; lawyers are only free if you are aquitted.
Alabama
Parole Fees
Supervsion & Programming Authorized
Probation Fees
Supervsion & Programming Authorized
Warrant Fees
Authorized
Electronic Monitoring Fees
Authorized
Counsel Fees
Authorized
Did you know? In Alabama, judges have authority to impose a victims’ fund penalty assessment up $10,000, even if there was no victim.

Justice fees are hidden taxes within the criminal justice system. Their sole purpose is to raise revenue.

Both state and local governments impose fees on individuals to do things like access a lawyer when you cannot afford one, make phone calls from jail or prison, participate in community service, make payments toward fines and fees and more. The types and amounts of fees imposed on individuals differ by state and often within the specific localities of that state.

The national fee surveys map and reports below show which states authorize* some of the most ubiquitous fees including supervision fees, counsel fees, warrant fees and fees for e-supervision (or electronic monitoring).

Explore the fee types below to learn more about particular fees and how they are assessed in each state.

*Please note each fee type’s particular authorization status is based on statutes and rules. There may be local authorization affecting fees that are beyond the scope of these analyses.

What types of fees are assessed in each state?
Probation and Parole Fees

Approximately 1 in every 75 people are under probation or parole supervision in the U.S. In most states, people on probation or parole are required to pay supervision fees that can range from hundreds to thousands of dollars. People also pay additional programming fees for mandatory mental health counseling, electronic monitoring, and drug testing. Nationwide, two of every three people on probation make less than $20,000 per year. Nearly 40% of those making less than $10,000 annually.

Read FFJC’s latest report on probation and parole fees here.
Electronic Monitoring Fees

Electronic monitoring fees can be imposed as a condition of probation, parole, diversion, or some other community-based sentence — or even as a condition of pretrial release for those who have not been found guilty of anything. From 2005 to 2015, the number of individuals on electronic monitors increased by nearly 140%, from 53,000 to over 125,000. Since then, this number is believed to have dramatically increased. Electronic monitoring fees can include a one-time set-up fee and a monthly, weekly, or even daily monitoring fee. 

Read FFJC’s latest report on electronic monitoring fees here.
Warrant Fees

A bench warrant is a legal mechanism courts can use to secure the arrest of someone who has allegedly violated a court order. A bench warrant is not proof of a violation, but rather authorization by the court to take a person into custody so they may be brought before the court. They are often related to nonpayment of a fine or fee in the criminal legal or traffic court systems. States across the country impose fees for issuing, processing, executing, or even recalling warrants. There are at least 5.7 million open warrants in the U.S, 96% of which are for minor, nonviolent, or non-criminal offenses. In many states, courts impose warrant fees, regardless of whether the person was ultimately arrested or convicted.

Read FFJC’s latest report on warrant fees here.
Counsel or Public Defender Fees

In the US, defendants who cannot afford to hire a lawyer have a constitutional right to have one appointed to represent them at government’s expense. However, 42 states & D.C. have laws that authorize courts to impose public defense system fees — both upfront application or administrative fees, as well as fees recouping the cost of counsel — on people who are represented by court-appointed attorneys. Unpaid counsel fees can lead to civil and criminal consequences such as creditworthiness, license suspension, employment eligibility, and prolonged involvement in the criminal justice system.

Read NLADA’s latest report on counsel fees here.
Record Clearing Fees

A criminal record can make it hard to get a job, support a family, secure housing, vote, and ultimately pay off fines and fees. Despite efforts by numerous states to provide a path to record clearing, monetary barriers — such as the cost to apply and the requirement to satisfy all outstanding court debt — keep relief out of reach.

Read NCLC’s full report on record clearing fees here.
Jail and Prison Phone Call Fees

Local jails and prisons charge incarcerated people and their families exorbitant phone call fees to stay connected. As of 2019, most state prisons charge over 1.50 per per minute for one 15-minute call in-state. Phone calls from jail cost over three times more than phone calls from state prisons. For example, a call from a Michigan jail can go as high as $22 for 15 minutes. A recent survey demonstrated that 1 in 3 families will go into debt in order to stay connected to their loved ones, and that 87% of those carrying the financial burden phone call fees are women.

See the Prison Policy Institute report on phone call fees to learn more.
Medical Co-Pay Fees

In most states, people incarcerated in prisons and jails pay medical co-pays for physician visits, medications, dental treatment, and other health services. Charging incarcerated people exorbitant co-pays is particularly harmful due to the fact that most people in prison or jails are not working or working for extremely low wages. Nevada, for example, charges the highest copay in the country ($8), over twice the national average. For a person earning prison wages, an 8 dollar co-pay is the equivalent of a $400 co-pay for a person who earns $50,000.

See the Prison Policy Institute’s report on medical co-pays
Juvenile Fees

The majority of states across the country impose fees on youth—and their families—when they become involved in the justice system. At every point in the system, a young person and their parents or guardians can be charged fees for an electronic ankle monitor, detention, probation supervision, a public defender, incarceration, and more. The young people and their families who cannot afford to pay these fees, face extended probation, additional court visits, the loss of or inability to obtain a driver’s license, and even incarceration. As these youth enter adulthood with fee debt, they also risk civil judgments, tax and wage garnishment, liens on property, and bankruptcy.

Learn more about juvenile fees from the Debt Free Justice campaign.